Sunday 28 December 2014


The last time we ventured down to the St. Lawrence River on Boxing Day there was all kinds of snow on the ground, the temperature was -11 celsius and in the wind, it felt more like -18. BRRR c):-o Well rested and with our tummies full after a great Christmas dinner at our daughter's in Kanata, and with the daytime temperature hovering around +6 celsius, it was all systems go for our last trip down to the river for 2014.

For most Canadians though, whether the weather on Boxing Day is stinking cold or balmy like it was on Friday, it's not a big issue because for the most part they're just mulling around or standing in line at a big box or shopping mall store in climate controlled comfort while snapping up "deals of a lifetime" during the biggest Canadian sales event of the year.
Boxing Day falls on the day after Christmas and though when it started in mid 1800's as a day when British employers would give their workers or servants special gifts of food or money in a "BOX", today in Canada and many other commonwealth countries, "Boxing Day" is a sales holiday much like "Black Friday" is in the United States after their Thanksgiving where retailers will dramatically drop prices throughout the store.
However in recent years, retailers have expanded the sales event to "Boxing Week" which allows more time to burst your budget, or for boatnerds like ourselves the opportunity to snap the many down bound salties that are frantically attempting to make it out of of the St. Lawrence Seaway before it closes for the winter on December 31st, much like the bulk carrier BLACKY was doing when I snapped her passing the Morrisburg dock and my shivering spouse, Janie and TannerDog 2 years ago. See more about the BLACKY here:, or NOT c);-b
Meanwhile, back at the blog, it certainly was uniquely mild when I snapped our first boat find of the day, the 607" FEDERAL MATTAWA below the Battle of Crysler's Farm Park near Morrisburg, but the wind was howling and I nearly lost my hat. c(:-() In fact earlier in the day, wind gusts were reported to be as high as 60 mph causing many boats to seek shelter in Prince Edward Bay west of Kingston until the winds dropped to a safer speed to navigate the narrow Thousand Island section of the upper St. Lawrence River. Wrong time of year to be blown aground, eh. c):-O

The bulk carrier FEDERAL MATTAWA was built at the Wenchong Shipyards in Guangzhou, China in 2005. Though she flies the flag of Malta, the MATTAWA is German owned but chartered to Fednav of Montreal, Quebec. Fednav is Canada's largest ocean-going dry bulk shipping company and manages over 100 owned or chartered ships throughout the world. They are also the international leader in shipping on the Great Lakes, as well as the Canadian Arctic. Feel free to check out my post about their icebreaking bulk carrier, the ARCTIC, a ship that would have been handy last winter when that "Polar Vortex" locked up the Great Lakes of ice real good. That link is:
Fednav ships that we see along the Seaway and Great Lakes are generally well maintained, and after their word mark prefix, "FEDERAL" each ship features the name of an international port like or a Canadian river like the "MATTAWA" which flows into the Ottawa River about 300 km northeast of here. On another breezy and balmy day last September, I snapped the MATTAWA as she motored past Windsor, Ontario on the Detroit River in the snaps below.
Meanwhile, the FEDERAL MATTAWA has since cleared the Seaway and is well on her way to Ghent, Belgium, with her load of "Boxing Day Bargains" or NOT! c);-b

Sunday 14 December 2014

Multi Purpose Dry Cargo Ship EDENBORG

Though named after the beautiful and enchanted biblical garden that you may have heard or read about in Sunday School or Catechism, the only thing that the 452' EDENBORG looked fruitful of, was "RUST!!". c):-o I snapped the multi purpose dry cargo ship in September 2012 during our "Whirlwind Tour to the Soo & Back" and since she was parked at the Purvis Marine Salvage dock, is it safe to presume she's was picking up a load of recycled steel, hence her own scrappy appearance? c):-S
Hardly the case but rather her overwhelming display of rust has resulted from constantly battling the harsh ocean seas and salt being sprayed across her bow and all over during several trans-Atlantic crossings annually. Actually her looks clearly explains why we inland-seas boatnerds call them "Salties".
Built in 2010 at her homeport of Delfzijl, Netherlands, the EDENBORG is owned by Royal Wagenborg Shipping which is also based in Delfzijl. Anyone who has spent time snapping boats throughout the Great Lakes, will have seen many Wagenborg ships, all with their red banded grey hull, bold white superstructure and with their names ending with the suffix, "BORG", which is norse for "Fortified or Castle-like". Also, FYI: "WAGEN" is old Dutch for "Wagon" or when used as a verb, it means "To Venture". Therefore, according to the 2014 issue of "Know Your SHIPS", of Wagenborg's fleet of 180 'fortified castle-like' ships, 52 of them 'ventured' through the Great Lakes last year. I did not know that. c):-o
The first Wagenborg ship that we came across was the 469' ATLANTICBORG on Canada Day 2012. I snapped her (below) at Cardinal, Ontario laden with wind turbines bound for near Ogdensburg, New York. To read more about our ATLANTICBORG sighting, click on to this link:, or NOT.

Two end of day snaps of two 'sleek and serpent' looking Wagenborg multi purpose cargo ships, and my last batch of boat snaps taken on the Canadian side of the Soo. What we snapped on the other side of the bridge and St. Clair River during that trip, or during our other boat watching adventures to New Orleans, the Detroit River, Fremantle, Australia or while picnicking along the Seaway will be coming along soon to a Carlz Boats near you. I know you can hardly wait. c);-b

Sunday 7 December 2014


As the upbound CCGS GRIFFON motors beyond Bridge 21 in Port Colborne on Thursday, Nov. 27, the usually working tug JARRETT M rests a spell along the West Street wall waiting for her fleetmate, EVANS MCKEIL to arrive from Toledo, Ohio with her scrap tow, the classic American self unloader AMERICAN FORTITUDE. Just like any job, you take your break when you can because you don't know when the next one will come along. Such was case for the EVANS who had the sole responsibility to deliver the once mighty 690' FORTITUDE almost the full length of Lake Erie down to the Welland Canal entrance at Port Colborne, a slow pace 40 hour plus journey that would normal take less than 16 hours at full speed. Later that evening, JARRET M's siesta came to an end, as she took on a line and positioned herself beyond AMERICAN FORTITUDE's stern. There, the JARRETT took up the task of acting as the tow's rudder and reversed engine when needed while EVANS MCKEIL continued to lead the way into Port Colborne harbour. As Nathan Attard's snap below shows, the FORTITUDE looked no worse that most active lakers as she sits tied off to the east wall. While parked there, the old self unloader was inspected by Seaway officials before her passage through the system could commence. Nice couple of snaps there Nathan!! c):-))
When launched at American Shipbuilding of Lorain, Ohio in November 1952 for National Steel of Cleveland, she was a traditional "straightdecker" and her name was ERNEST T. WEIR. Though coal was a known cargo, she primarily hauled iron ore from north Superior to the steel mills in Cleveland. In one transit across Lake Superior, the WEIR was not far from where another famous ore carrier sank on November 10, 1975, the EDMUND FITZGERALD. In 1978 ERNEST T. WEIR was sold to the Oglebay Norton subsiary, Columbia Transportation and the ship ironically became the flagship for their fleet, replacing the ill-fated FITZGERALD. Soon after, her name was changed to COURTNEY BURTON and then the straightdecker was converted to a self unloader in 1981 at Bay Shipbuilding of Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin. In 2006, the BURTON and her six fleetmates were sold to the American Steamship Company of Williamsville, New York. To commemorated America's proud and brave heritage, each of the sisters were given a new name. They were AMERICAN VALOR, AMERICAN COURAGE, AMERICAN VICTORY, AMERICAN INTEGRITY, AMERICAN CENTURY, and the COURTNEY BURTON became known as AMERICAN FORTITUDE. With a new name and owner, the FORTITUDE kept herself busy throughout the Great Lakes hauling iron ore, coal, stone, sand, salt and bulk agriculture products like grain and oats until she went into longterm layup at Toledo, Ohio in 2008. No longer of use and with her proud name painted over, the FORTITUDE left her Great Lakes berth in the wee hours of November 26th bound for Brownsville, Texas to be cut up for scrap.
Inspection completed and a pilot aboard the EVANS MCKEIL, the slow going downbound scrap tow got underway early Saturday morning, on November 29th. Regardless of her name, the tow was no stranger to the Welland Canal. In 2005 COURTNEY BURTON transited the canal on her way to Hamilton where she took on a load of grain destined for Buffalo, New York via the Welland Canal.
After clearing Port Weller at about 8 PM Saturday evening, the lumbering threesome skirted along the north shore of New York state while transiting Lake Ontario to the Thousand Island and St Lawrence River. My friend Shaun Judge snapped these shots of the FORTITUDE and her escorts motoring along near Mallorytown on December 1st.
She probably would have been motoring along at a pretty good clip the last time she passed by this section of the seaway in 1959.
Then her name was ERNEST T. WEIR, carrying ore destined for Cleveland from Sept Isle, Quebec which became a new source of the raw mineral due to the then recent opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway.
In lead position, the 110' and 23 tonne bollard pull EVANS MCKEIL continues to provide the thrust needed to get her tow moving closer to a transfer point at Quebec City where an ocean-going tug was to takeover the line and complete the tow to Brownsville. By the way, EVANS MCKEIL was built in 1936 at the Panama Canal Shipyards in Balboa, Panama and has worked hard for the Hamilton based McKeil Marine since 1989.
Nice thru & thru shot of the bow thruster there Shaun. c):-o

Though she appears to be tagging along for the ride, the 82' JARRETT M must always be at the ready to crank on her twin screws and powerful 2000 horse power engine to keep her tow on line and away from the low-water shoals that has been an annoyance for many seaway transits this year.
When built for McQueen Marine in 1945 at Russell Brothers in Owen Sound, Ontario, her name was ATOMIC, a name she kept until 2006 when it was changed to JARRETT M.

Just mile away from completing the delicate passage through the Seaway and then on down to the deeper and open waters of the St. Lawrence River, the scrap tow came to a dead stop just below Cote Ste. Catherine lock last Wednesday. Initially it was said the unscheduled mooring was simply a precaution due to strong winds blowing through further down on the river beyond Montreal. Then yesterday the lead tug EVANS MCKEIL left the tow and got underway "upbound" and is currently positioned on Lake Ontario beyond Prince Edward County, and motoring at full speed westward for reasons unknown. Meanwhile, the EILEEN MCALLISTER, the tug that was supposed to takeover the tow and deliver her Brownsville, Texas, departed her berth in Quebec City yesterday too and appears to be heading at full speed to her homeport of New York City. As for the JARRETT M and her crew, it appears another extended break is in order and whether sitting idle in Toledo for eight years or doing the same along a seaway pier in Quebec, the inevitable of being cut up as scrap simply gets delayed another day, or week or several months if the AMERICAN FORTITUDE has been moved beyond St. Lambert Lock when the Seaway closes for the season on December 31st. This scrap tow ain't going to be over until it's over. c);-b To be continued...

Saturday 29 November 2014


I can't tell you how many times we've driven over the Burlington Skyway and haven't seen a single boat approach or pass beneath the massive steel structure through the canal piers below.
Meanwhile, my sister Karin and bil (brother-in-law) Paul are down along the beach strip below birding and what comes motoring in off Lake Ontario but the 656' Fednav bulk carrier FEDERAL KUMANO. Unbelievable!! c):-o Built in 2003 in Oshima, Japan, the KUMANO flies the flag of Hong Kong and is one of about 1,000 cargo vessels to transit the Burlington Canal yearly while accessing Hamilton Harbour, the largest Canadian port on the Great Lakes. The original canal was opened in 1826 and is situated at about the midpoint of the natural sandbar beach strip. In 1830, the first of five movable bridges was constructed and the most recent lift bridge version, seen in Karin's snap below, was opened in 1962.
The beach strip is about 8 kilometres long by about a half kilometre wide and for many years, Beach Boulevard, the roadway that travels through it, was part the Queen Elizabeth Way (aka QEW) which was the primary link between Toronto and Hamilton, and then further along to the Niagara Peninsula. In April 1952, the north span of the bascule bridge failed to lift for the inbound American self unloader W.E. FITZGERALD. Despite dropping both anchors and reversing it's engine, the W.E. FITZGERALD was unable to stop in time and knocked the span into the canal thereby closing the QEW.  In October 1958 the Burlington Bay Skyway which crosses high over the canal channel and most of the beach strip for that matter, opened. In 1985 a second span was opened and with 4 lanes in both direction, it's estimated 149,000 vehicles crosses the bridge daily.
Back in it's day, it appears the beach strip was the place to be. Along with a beautiful long beach, there was an amusement park with all sorts of rides and at the Pier Ballroom, then famous stars like Ozzie Nelson, the Clooney Sisters and Duke Ellington played there. As a kid, I remember going on some of rides when visiting the park during a family day trip. It was a pretty quiet neighbourhood when we drove along the strip last September. Instead of a railway lines that would carry passengers to the beach, a long paved trail skirts along the shoreline ideal for walkers, joggers and cycling. Apparently it's also a great location for birding, a hobby my sister and bil have enjoyed for many year. Unfortunately, Karin and Paul didn't send me any pics of the Long-tail ducks, Mergansers, and Northern Mockingbird that they snapped that day, but I did get these snaps of the FEDERAL KUMANO. For that, I am grateful or as my grandson Hayden often says, a "Lucky Duck" c);-b
BTW: Before being scrapped at Ramey's Bend in Port Colborne in 1971, the old W.E. FITZGERALD seemed to have a knack for running into bridges. Check out this Boatnerd link for more of the FITZGERALD's close encounters with bridges and things that didn't move:

Sunday 16 November 2014

Bulk Carrier MOTTLER

It was like déjà vu all over again. There parked across from me at the foot of Jarvis Street and Queen Quay in Toronto last Saturday morning was a big green hulled saltie. Her name was the MOTTLER. Odd name, I thought, just like when I snapped the SHOVELER, another green hulled saltie also tied off tight to the wall at the Redpath Sugar plant dock in August 2012. Both ships are 607' long and built in China in 2009 but at different shipyards. Regardless, it's amazing how much these two sisters look alike though it's plain to see rough weather and salt-spraying during many ocean transits has taken a toll on MOTTLER's appearance especially near her bulbous bow. Other than design, each ship is owned by Navarone Marine of Limassol, Cyprus though they are chartered by Canadian Forest Navigation of Montreal which displays their graphic "Canfornav" emblem on each ship's light yellow stack (which you'll notice in the snaps down below).

Neither the blustery winter cold temps or rusted out structure unloading sugar cane seemed to bother a sord of mallards gathered on the dock or rafting about on the choppy slip below because perhaps what they really wanted was to just be near a ship that was named after a type of duck, as is the case for all Canfornav ships in their fleet, or NOT c):-o Actually, MOTTLER is a nickname for Mottled ducks or mottled mallards that live along the Gulf of Mexico coast from Florida to as far south as Veracruz, Mexico. Meanwhile, SHOVELER ducks have been known to breed in northern areas of Europe and Asia, winter in southern Europe and Africa and have also been seen in Australia and South America. In North America they have been known to breed from southern Hudson Bay, the Great Lakes, Colorado, Nevada and Oregon.

Since discharging sugar cane at Redpath's in Toronto, MOTTLER has made her way up to Thunder Bay to take on a load of grain destined to an overseas port much like the BLACKY which I snapped (below) motoring downbound past Morrisburg on a very cold Boxing Day 2012. BLACKY is short for the North American BLACK duck which resembles the female mallard in colouration though the black duck's plumage is darker. They have been known to breed from Saskatchewan and Manitoba, across Ontario, Quebec and Canada's Atlantic provinces, as well as throughout Great Lakes region and Adirondacks in the United States.
Hey, though I maybe known to duck out of certain responsibilities, I'm definitely no water fowl expert so feel free to find out more about our webfooted friends via Google or whatever, and you may also want to check my earlier encounter with the BLACKY, by clicking on to this link: You can do that when you have some "down" time, or NOT. c);-b

Wednesday 29 October 2014

Duelling Self Unloaders ATLANTIC ERIE & CSL NIAGARA

On a warm sunny day in July 2005, I took this snap of Canada's War Memorial which you can see there in the middle of the frame. I took this shot from the Peace Tower's observation deck high above the Centre Block or House of Commons. Though unveiled in 1922 and officially known as the Tower of Victory and Peace to commemorate the Canadians who had given their lives during the World War I, many here may have felt the name symbolically suggested the Canadian way of life, that is going about our day peacefully and somewhat detached from the terrorist threats plagued by so many other countries. That all changed a week ago at around 10 am when chaos erupted in Ottawa as an army reservist guarding the National War Memorial's "Tomb of the Unknown Soldier" was shot and killed by a masked gunman. Soon after, it was reported as many as 50 shots being fired inside the Centre Block of the Parliament Buildings. Then it was later confirmed that the gunman was shot dead inside the building by the House of Commons sergeant-at-arms and the RCMP. Not knowing whether more attacks were imminent, much of Ottawa's downtown core was placed under lockdown.

When I returned to work as an OC Transpo bus operator at 12:30, I was told many drivers were asked to come back in early to help get the thousands of people out of the downtown core.  Fortunately for me, much of my work that day was servicing neighbourhoods in the west and south ends of the city with the exception of one route that would take me through the core later in the afternoon. Regardless though, it was easy to see that the shock and horror being experience by so many near Parliament Hill was also being felt throughout the city. So many of my customers were in disbelief and eager to get home, while others showed signs of anxiety and would rather stay on my bus than go to work or wherever. Though the lockdown did not officially end until late Wednesday night, our main west and easterly routing through the downtown core had been reopened by the time I made my last trip of the day through there just after 5 pm.  It's a drive-through that I'll never forget. I wouldn't go so far as saying you could hear a pin drop, but it was very quiet and surreal. Each street heading up to Parliament Hill was empty and motionless, barricaded by police and their cruisers, and the bright lights of a TV reports being broadcasted "LIVE" could be seen at almost every corner.

As days go by, we're first told the radicalized gunman acted alone, that he was troubled and mentally unstable, then on Monday he was deemed a terrorist once again as a video taped days before the attack surfaced outlining his intended actions and political beliefs. It's been a pretty rough week as two Canadian soldiers were killed within a day of each other due to terrorist ideology, the first resulting from a hit & run in Quebec on October 20th. Though it's been stated that Canadians will not be intimidated, and we are also encouraged to simply 'STAY CALM & CARRY ON"!! which is probably the best policy. However in doing so we have to remember though we were all knocked down, we've since got up again, and nothing is going to keep us down (Sorry Chumbawamba).
For me, it's just more of the status quo: operating my bus with my "EYES WIDE OPEN" while whistling or singing a tune to myself like "Don't worry, BE HAPPY", and just like any other day I will continue to enjoy time with my family and friends, and as often as possible, publish blogposts about BOATS, like....

...while returning home from "Old Stomping Ground Tour & Back", we figured if traffic on the 401 continued to move along, we might see the 730' CSL self unloader ATLANTIC ERIE transit Iroquois Lock. Yes indeedy, we made it just as the sun was starting to set which didn't allow for a lot of great boat snaps, but the fall colours sure looked great, eh? Then just as the downbound ERIE was exiting the lock, Janie tells me the upbound CSL NIAGARA was just passing Morrisburg. YES!! So back in the car we go hoping to snap the CSL fleetmates pass each further down river.
With luck on our side, that's exacting what happened. Motoring at a good clip and with her long unloading boom lifted high above her deck, the CSL NIAGARA looked like a medieval jouster protecting our honour, ON GUARD FOR THEE!! while bearing down on   still in the water ATLANTIC ERIE. Or perhaps NOT c):-s
Well it definitely was a pretty close encounter just the same as you can see from Janie's snaps below taken with her iPhone while I stood amongst the sumacs along the river bank (see bottom right-hand corner for MOI). The two big self unloaders just kept getting closer...
...and closer...
...and closer...
...and closer...
...and closer...
...until they looked like one, side by side...
...then continued on their merry way. The ATLANTIC ERIE to Belledune, New Brunswick and CSL NIAGARA to Duluth, Minnesota.
It was quite a hoot for Janie and I to snap these two CSL self unloaders and if you listen closely to our YouTube video, you can hear the excitement of both crews as the fleetmates passed by (
The last time I snapped these two boats together, the ATLANTIC ERIE was the "high in the water" vessel motoring upbound above Lock 7 in Thorold, Ontario. For more info about her, click onto this earlier Carlz Boat post link (, or NOT!! c);-b

Sunday 19 October 2014

Self Unloader JOHN J. BOLAND

I'm certain it was an unusual event for many local boatnerds in Port Colborne last month when they caught glimpse of the big American self loader JOHN J. BOLAND discharging cargo at the old Government elevator. Fortunately "Have iPhone, Will Snap Boats", Nathan Attard was there to shoot these pics of her. YES!! c):-))
The Government Elevator or now known as Southpier Terminal is owned by Winnipeg-based Parrish-Heimbecker. The big grey landmark located near the south entrance of the Welland Canal was built in the early 1900's as a storage facility that apparently can hold over 81,000 metric tonnes of wheat, corn, soybeans, rye and mustard seed in it's 267 bins. The old elevator has loaded and discharged many boats over the years and as I experience during the summer of 1971, it's one HOT place to work at too. When you have a moment, you can read more about that eye-opening and fun time in my life in this link, or not: ( Back then big arms were lowered into a standard straightdeck bulk carrier (like the MANITOBA in my linked post) to bucket lift the grain or whatever into the storage bins or silos inside. What's different and shown in Nathan's snaps here, is the BOLAND is using it's 250' boom and belted conveyor to discharge into a hopper halfway up the side of the old elevator. How COOL is that, EH?? c):-o
What's also unique is that there's not a lot of room in the channel between harbour pier and the breakwall for the 680' BOLAND to manoeuvre and then turn into the docking slip. Good job skipper!! c):-x
Her name was the CHARLES E. WILSON when launched in 1973 at Bay Shipbuilding in Sturgeon, Wisconsin for the American Steamship Co. of Williamville, New York and then changed in January 2000 to JOHN J. BOLAND, after the co-founder of the company.
The previous BOLAND had been sold to Lower Lakes Towing of Port Dover and renamed the SAGINAW (to check out her snaps in one of my early Carlz Boat post, click:

Using the timer feature on his recently upgraded iPhone, Nathan snapped himself with the newer JOHN J. BOLAND in the background on September 18th. Currently Nathan is recovering from surgery at St. Joseph's Hospital in Hamilton, Ontario. I'm glad the operation was a success, so take care my friend and get well. Also thank you for these snaps and the many others that you've allowed me to post and BTW Nathan, "Nice HAT!! c);-b

Viewers Gallery:

"Have boat will take photos of much bigger boats".....would probably be a neat slogan for Jeff Cameron's business card. Here's a couple of Jeff's upfront and in-your-face pics of JOHN J. BOLAND finishing up her discharge also at the old Government Elevator on September 18, 2014. 

Nice relections and thanks again Jeff!!

Monday 13 October 2014

Self Discharging Bulk Carrier THUNDER BAY

GOTCHA!! The plan was to hook up at fellow boatnerd, Ron Beaupre's place in Mariatown to see and hear the downbound ALGOMA EQUINOX blast out a salute while motoring by Ron and Jeanine's seaway-front homestead, And... perhaps snap the upbound THUNDER BAY pass by at the same time. OH YAA!! The T-BAY was the only CSL Trillium-class self discharging bulk carrier that I hadn't snapped yet so to get them both in the same frame and hearing them blare their horns was going to be like being in 'Boatnerd Heaven" eh!! c):-0 Except the skipper on the 740' THUNDER BAY, which was riding high in ballast and making really good time, preferred to meet the EQUINOX along the north wall below Iroquois Lock. No Problem!! c):-x
Initiate Plan B: meet the THUNDER BAY at Loyalist Park, (which is about half way in between Ron's place and Iroquois lock), and NOT get a speeding ticket while motoring the 113 km from Kanata to the park. And... just like the Canadian courier company GoJIT,  I got there 'Just In Time" to get these snaps of the speedy THUNDER BAY. OH YAA!! c);-b
Then off to Iroquois Lock where from a new "Classified" vantage point that Ron told me about, I got to snap and video the ALGOMA EQUINOX blast a salute as she motored out of the lock (take a listen: Beauty, I really like it!! Though I wasn't able to snap the pair off Ron's dock together, it was still quite pleasing and somewhat "apropros" to even snap them below Iroquois Locks since they were both the best of their class and fleet. They were both built and launched in China in 2013, and the ALGOMA EQUINOX which I featured in my blog last month ( was carrying prairie grain that was loaded in Thunder Bay, Ontario, the other bulk carrier's namesake. How cool is that?
What a beautiful autumn day it was as the THUNDER BAY continued her approach in the Seaway's last lock before reaching the open water of upper St. Lawrence River and then Lake Ontario. After climbing the Niagara escarpment via the Welland Canal and then motoring up Lake Erie, the THUNDER BAY would take on a load of road salt at the Windsor salt mine in Ojibway and then deliver it to Calumet, Illinois. OK Polar Vortex - Bring It On, or NOT!!

The THUNDER BAY is the second of four Trillium-class self discharging bulk carriers to enter service in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence system between 2012-13. The next two  Trilliums will be gearless bulk carriers like the ALGOMA EQUINOX which you can see  continuing downbound behind the T-BAY in the above and left snaps. Both new bulkers are expected to arrive in Canada for service later this year and will be named CSL ST-LAURENT and CSL WELLAND to commemorate the St. Lawrence Seaway and Welland Canal. Meanwile, the THUNDER BAY is the third Canada Steamship Lines vessel to bear the name. The first sailed between 1921-40 and a was canaller about the size of my Dad's ship, the BIRCHTON, ( The second was a 663' straightdecker that was built in 1952 at Port Arthur Shipbuilding in the Ontario community that when amalgamated with Fort William in 1970, the new city became known as "THUNDER BAY". Apropos, Coincidence, or None of the Above c);-b